This summer 2007 article discusses how science librarians can be leaders in the field of scholarly communication. Some of the information is based on communication with University of Minnesota librarian, Karen Williams. This skill is required by their librarians.
Here is the link: http://www.istl.org/07-summer/article2.html
Hannay, T. “Web 2.0 in Science,” CTWatch Quarterly, Volume 3, Number 3, August 2007. http://www.ctwatch.org/quarterly/articles/2007/08/web-20-in-science/
This article has a great description of how Web 2.0 started and what it entails.
The following segment is a good quote:
So what does it mean? Web 2.0 began as a conference, first hosted in October 2004 by O’Reilly Media and CMP Media. Following the boom-bust cycle that ended in the dot-com crash of 2001, the organisers wanted to refocus attention on individual web success stories and the growing influence of the web as a whole. True, during the late 1990s hype and expectations had run ahead of reality, but that did not mean that the reality was not epochal and world-changing. By the following year, Tim O’Reilly, founder of the eponymous firm and principal articulator of the Web 2.0 vision, had laid down in a seminal essay a set of observations about approaches that work particularly well in the online world. These included:
- “The web as a platform”
- The Long Tail (e.g., Amazon)
- Trust systems and emergent data (e.g., eBay)
- AJAX (e.g., Google Maps)
- Tagging (e.g., del.icio.us)
- Peer-to-peer technologies (e.g., Skype)
- Open APIs and ‘mashups’ (e.g., Flickr)
- “Data as the new ‘Intel Inside’” (e.g., cartographical data from MapQuest)
- Software as a service (e.g., Salesforce.com)
- Architectures of participation (e.g., Wikipedia)